The facility was so secretive, there was a sign posted outside that said What you see here, What you do here, What you hear here, Let it stay here. (Wheeler 24) Another research facility that played a major role in the production of the atomic bomb was a large lab in Manhattan where the Manhattan Project took place. Here they tested the power of Uranium and Plutonium. With this research, they could plan out the effectiveness of the bomb used in Hiroshima. Without the Manhattan Project, the U.S would have no clue about the power of Plutonium and Uranium.
The researchers and scientists worked day in and day out trying to successfully harness nuclear energy. Albert Einstein helped with the Manhattan Project by using his theory that E=MC2 also proved to be helpful in the development of the atom bomb. To test the power of an atomic explosion, the United States Government came up with explosive devices that were equal to the power of the atomic bomb. These tests were some of the best kept secrets of World War II. The first experiment was a test in which scientists would drop Uranium slugs into piles of radioactive materials. When a pure Uranium hits radioactive material it could very easily cause a nuclear explosion.
This project was so dangerous, they called it Tickling the dragons tail. Another test to determine the power of the atomic bomb was a test that involved over fifty tons of T.N.T, a highly explosive material. The plan for this experiment was to take the T.N.
T out to the middle of the desert and detonate it. When they put the T.N.T into the crates, they added plutonium rods so they could see the effects of a radioactive fallout. When they detonated the bomb, it was easily seen over sixty miles away. The entire time these tests were going on, the Germans were trying to unlock the key to atomic energy.
The United States was aware of the situation so they sent spies to Germany. These spies missions were to watch German nuclear advancements and then report their findings back to the United States. Moe Berg was a famous catcher for the New York Yankees during the time of nuclear developments in the United States. What his fans didnt know was that he was also a nuclear spy sent to Germany to spy on Germanys nuclear advancements. His mission was to go to Edward Heisbergs, a German nuclear physicist, lecture on nuclear energy. If Heisberg even hinted he knew anything about the United states development of atomic bombs, Berg was to kill him.
Berg attended the lecture. Luckily Heisberg never mentioned anything about American nuclear bombs. No one knew about Bergs secret life until it was declassified long after the war had ended. The plans for the dropping of the atomic bomb were very complex. The United States had come up with six different locations for the dropping of the atomic bomb. These locations were: The Kokura Arsenal- a large port city that produced most of Japans planes.
Nigiita- a city that had a very large population and would contain radiation well. Hiroshima- A large city in which Japanese ships were made Emperors palace- This was an alternative that would only be used to show the aggressiveness and superiority of the United States. It was in a bad location that would not hold radiation well. Nagasaki- This was a port city that produced artillery. It had a large population and held radiation well. Kyoto- It had a large population and .